Potted flowers mainly include herbal flowers and woody […]
Potted flowers mainly include herbal flowers and woody flowers du. Herbal flowers include: annual flowers, biennial flowers, perennial root flowers, bulbous flowers, succulent flowers and aquatic flowers, etc. Woody flowers include shrubs, vines and trees. Different flowers have different cultivation and management methods, which cannot be generalized. If the same cultivation management method is adopted, it is not good to grow flowersartificial potted succulent Manufacturers. Some people think that as long as there is soil in the pot, the flowers can be planted. This is incorrect. Why do some people die after buying them back one or two years after growing them? The reason lies in the lack of several management elements of the following cultivation methods. Different flowers have strict requirements on pot size, pot material, soil, moisture, light, temperature, nutrition, etc. Only by understanding and mastering the growth habits of various flowers can the flowers bloom and flourish.
1. Pot material and the size of the pot mouth diameter
(1) There are mainly three types of pot materials: pottery pots, porcelain pots and glaze pots (crocks).
Common woody flowers such as: white orchid, rhododendron, camellia, hibiscus, hydrangea, poinsettia, pomegranate, fig, jasmine, variegated wood, oleander, winter spring, five-color plum, Milan, etc. are most suitable for cultivation in pottery pots. Because the pottery pot is of rough material and cheap price, it also has good air permeability, and its water retention performance is suitable for the growth of flower roots.
Porcelain pots are more expensive, and are generally suitable for planting one- or two-year-old herbal flowers and flowers with higher economic value, and they are placed in the living room and bedroom. Such as: Clivia, Marigold, Aster, Half-branched lotus, Carnation, Asparagus, Chlorophytum, Hippeastrum, Four-season Begonia, etc.
Glazed pots are not only expensive, but also larger in size. They are suitable for cultivating shrubs or trees with larger plants. Such as: iron tree, crape myrtle, camellia, tea plum, tiger thorn plum, osmanthus, etc.
(Two) the size of the pot mouth diameter
The type and size of the pot should be selected according to the value of the flowers you plant and the size of the flower plants. Generally speaking, the smaller flower plants are first planted in small pots with a diameter of about 10 cm, and then transplanted into pots with a diameter of 18-20 cm after one or two years.
2. Soil selection
There are many kinds of flowers and their requirements on soil are different. In general, all kinds of flowers growing in open fields, except sandy soil and extremely viscous soil are not suitable for flower growth, other types of soil are suitable for the cultivation of most flowers. One or two-year-old herbaceous flowers should be planted in sandy loam soil with good drainage and aeration, while maintaining a certain amount of moisture and fertilizer. For planting flowers that bloom in summer, water frequently to keep the soil in the pot moist. The soil in the pot should see dry and wet. Do not water too much to keep the soil in a muddy state for a long time to avoid rotten roots and cause plant death.
The potted soil for potted flowers is limited by flower pots and has a small capacity. In order to meet the needs of flower growth and development, the limited amount of soil must be saturated with nutrients required by plants and have good physical properties. Therefore, the soil for potted flowers must be specially formulated artificially cultivated soil. The cultivation soil mainly contains a large amount of humus (mostly in a granular structure), so the soil is loose, conducive to air circulation, good drainage, and rich in nutrients. And can often keep the pot soil moist, which is the primary factor for growing potted flowers.
Cultivation soil is artificially prepared mixed soil, with a lot of materials, but it must be prepared according to the nature of the soil required by potted flowers. Generally speaking, three types of soil are mainly used for rot (broad leaves that fall in autumn), garden soil (or Huangnishan soil), and river sand. The production method is: when the trees fall leaves in autumn that year, a large number of fallen leaves can be collected. Choose a dry place with high terrain and layer the garden soil. After piled up, pour an appropriate amount of human excrement. The leaves contain organic matter and excrement. When the moisture is wet, the fungus multiplies and accelerates the decay of the leaves. After 3-4 times of overturning, the leaves are basically decayed, and then dried and sieved for use.
The growth of flowers has requirements for the pH range of the soil. Some have a larger range of adaptation and can be adapted in the acid or alkaline range of the soil, and some are smaller, such as rhododendron, gardenia, camellia, etc., unless they can survive in a strong acid soil. Therefore, we have to do soil tests for these flowers and adjust the soil to an appropriate pH (PH value).
Soil is the home base of pests and diseases. It contains countless germs, eggs, weed seeds, etc. You should pay attention to this when choosing potting soil. Especially for cuttings and subplanting seedlings, seedlings are weakly resistant to infection, and the temperature difference between day and night in spring is too large, the summer is sweltering and hot, and the seedlings are prone to damping-off, blight, and cuttings to rot. In severe cases, all flowers will die. Therefore, when we choose potting soil, it is best to choose a suitable pH value. The nutrient soil that has been rotted and fermented is mixed with an appropriate amount of river sand. This kind of soil contains rich nutrients and has drainage and aeration properties.
In short, soil is the nutritional and environmental conditions for the growth and development of flowers. We must always ensure that the soil contains enough air, which is also a necessary condition for the growth of flowers. Therefore, we must pay attention to the cultivation of flower soil to create a good soil environment for flower growth.
The influence of water on flowers is very important, mainly referring to the water content in the soil and air humidity. They play an extremely important role in the growth and development of flowers, because the water content in plants accounts for more than 80% of the total weight. Water is an important part of plants, and it is also the raw material for photosynthesis of plants. Plants absorb various nutrients in the soil, and must enter the plant body under water-soluble conditions, and various physiological functions in the plant body must be carried out with the participation of water. Plants rely on leaf transpiration to regulate their body temperature, mainly due to water. Water is the guarantee for the normal metabolism of plant cells. Therefore, plants cannot survive without water.
However, there are many kinds of flowers and plants, from all over the country and even the world, and their ecological habits are also different due to different climatic conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the particularity of various flowers according to the types and growth habits of flowers, and cannot be generalized. If we use one method to manage certain flowers, they will not grow and bloom normally, or even make them.