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What are the characteristics of Buddha statues in each dynasty?


1. The characteristics of Buddha statues during the Six […]

1. The characteristics of Buddha statues during the Sixteen Kingdoms period:

Most of them are gold and bronze Buddha statues, and most of them are bronze. The heads of the Buddha statues are in a hair-style high bun. The small Buddha statues are mostly in a polished bun without hairline. The large Buddha statues are mostly divided into strands and have grouped hair. Pattern. The Buddha seat is generally a simple square pedestal, or a four-legged waist-wrapped seat.

2. The characteristics of Buddha statues in the Northern Wei Dynasty:

The head is mostly polished or divided into a bun, with a round face, but slightly thinner, with a broad forehead and large eyes. Wearing a full-shoulder or right-shouldered coat, it is symmetrically distributed in a U-shape or V-shape, with deep and bulging lines. The Buddha statue sits or stands on a four-legged pedestal, and the backlight is mostly in the shape of a lotus petal.

3. The characteristics of Buddha statues in the Northern Qi Dynasty:

The face is rich and smooth, the face is slightly longer, the facial features are soft, the head bun is relatively gentle, most of the hair lines are not engraved, even if there is a snail-shaped hairline. Most of the upper body wears monk's branches, a double-compartment coat is worn on the outer body, and the lower body is dressed with a skirt. At this time, the Buddha statues are mostly light-clothed patterns, and the standing statues have a flat body, and the abdomen bulges forward when viewed from the side.

4. The characteristics of Buddha statues in the Northern Zhou Dynasty:

The head is long and the legs are short, and the body is short and sturdy, slightly cumbersome. The lines are simple and smooth. The overall proportion of the Buddha statue is out of balance, the body is plump and solid, and the posture is mostly simple and stiff. At this time, the yingluo flower ornaments, piping silk, etc. are extremely thick and full, deep and vertical knees, with more carvings in the details.

5. The characteristics of Buddhist statues in the Sui Dynasty:

Plenty and full forehead, plump and round face, slender eyebrows, straight nose, clear lip line, larger head, shorter lower body, slightly out of balance, and stout body. The posture is relatively rigid, and the shape is slightly rigid, lacking the elegant dynamic beauty. The top of the Buddha statue is in a bun with snail hair; Bodhisattvas usually wear flower crowns, and the China mini Buddha zen garden Company is thick and drooping to the knees, and the crown straps and silk cloths hang down to the sides.

6. The characteristics of Buddha statues in Tang Dynasty:

The face is plump, the head is snail or water wave hairstyle, the meat bun is taller than the Sui Dynasty, the big ears are drooping, and the look is solemn and kind. The figure is well-proportioned, reasonable structure, plump and plump. The clothes have smooth patterns, and the pleats of the lower body hang over the seat like a tablecloth, which is characteristic of the times. The gilt redness has the characteristics of the times.

7. The characteristics of Buddha statues in Song, Liao and Jin periods:

The face is plump and plump, with a wide forehead, a dignified and beautiful appearance, and a gentle and loving expression. The meat bun on the head of the Buddha has a spiral hair style, but the meat bun tends to be gentle, and the bun beads between the spiral hair and the meat bun are more obvious. The statues of Arhats are highly realistic, and the figures are perfectly portrayed. The posture is casual and lively, full of personality and contemporary style.

8. The characteristics of Buddha statues in Liao Dynasty:

The buddha statue's meat bun is relatively low and flat, and the center of the snail hair is mostly with a bun. The lotus seat prevails in the corset and large upward lotus style. The lotus petals are plump and the tip is slightly tilted outwards. The lower layer is mostly three-tiered or protruding lotus; the plane of the Buddha seat is popular in square, round and six-out flower mouth shapes. The middle of the cloth is a semicircle, and the two sides are drooping in a triangle shape, which has a clear tendency to pattern.

9. The characteristics of Buddha statues in Yuan Dynasty:

The Bodhisattva has his upper body exposed, and his chest wears a yinluo. The yinluo has a larger particle size; the lower part has a skirt with simple lines. The face is an inverted trapezoid, with compact features and features of the Yuan Dynasty. The Yuan Dynasty Buddha statues have a long bee waist and a charming posture, while the Bodhisattvas have high breasts and plump buttocks, in the style of Indian Bara dynasty.

10. The characteristics of Buddha statues in the Ming Dynasty:

The figure is relatively well-proportioned and coordinated, the clothes are light and close-fitting, the lines are flowing and soft, and the pleats are free to turn. The Bodhisattva has broad shoulders and thin waist, bare upper body, graceful body, S-shaped, beautifully decorated, and sophisticated and complicated ornaments. The leaves of Baoguan are hollow, and the middle leaves are meniscus, which is characteristic of the Ming Dynasty.

The pedestal is a tufted upside-down rosette with a wide shape, wide and fat petals, symmetrically distributed on a circle, with typical characteristics of the era. The details are more adequate, with finely carved patterns on the edges of the clothes, commonly used in late stage sculptures. Both the armor and silk ribbons are more realistic and vivid, which is a common feature of Ming Dynasty sculptures.

11. Characteristics of Buddha Statues in Qing Dynasty:

The face is round and plump, plump and wide forehead, delicate features, vivid eyes. There are many Han-style clothes, with radial patterns, vivid pleats, and large silk fabrics. The bottom edge of the rosette is obvious outwards, the lotus petals are regular, and the lotus petals are flat, generally only half of the circumference, with the characteristics of the times. The Tara eyeliner is in three-fold form with wide spacing, which is characteristic of the statues of Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty.

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